Victor Herbert Orchestra

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Biography

Victor August Herbert (February 1, 1859 – May 26,
1924) was an Irish-born, German-raised American composer, cellist and
conductor. Although Herbert enjoyed important careers as a cello soloist
and conductor, he is best known for composing many successful operettas
that premiered on Broadway from the 1890s to World War I. He was also
prominent among the tin pan alley composers and was later a founder of
the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP). A
prolific composer, Herbert produced two operas, a cantata, 43 operettas,
incidental music to 10 plays, 31 compositions for orchestra, nine band
compositions, nine cello compositions, five violin compositions with
piano or orchestra, 22 piano compositions and numerous songs, choral
compositions and orchestrations of works by other composers, among other
music.In the early 1880s, Herbert began a career as a cellist
in Vienna, Austria, and Stuttgart, Germany, during which he began to
compose orchestral music. Herbert and his opera singer wife, Therese
Förster, moved to the U.S. in 1886 when both were engaged by the
Metropolitan Opera. In the U.S., Herbert continued his performing
career, while also teaching at the National Conservatory of Music,
conducting and composing. His most notable instrumental compositions
were his Cello Concerto No. 2 in E minor, Op. 30 (1894), which entered
the standard repertoire, and his Auditorium Festival March (1901). He
led the Pittsburgh Symphony from 1898 to 1904 and then founded the
Victor Herbert Orchestra, which he conducted throughout the rest of his
life.Herbert began to compose operettas in 1894, producing
several successes, including The Serenade (1897) and The Fortune Teller
(1898). Even more successful were some of the operettas that he wrote
after the turn of the 20th century: Babes in Toyland (1903), Mlle.
Modiste (1905), The Red Mill (1906), Naughty Marietta (1910),
Sweethearts (1913) and Eileen (1917). After World War I, with the change
of popular musical tastes, Herbert began to compose musicals and
contributed music to other composers' shows. While some of these were
well-received, he never again achieved the level of success that he had
enjoyed with his most popular operettas.Read moresource: Wikipedia

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