Music Community Tribe of Noise Acquired Free Music Archive. Follow @freemusicarchiv for updates.

Curator Guide

note: this guide is a work in progress! Questions? Contact jason_at_freemusicarchive_._org

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Basic uploading

2. Editing Artists, Albums and Tracks in the CMS
+ a note about Compilations / albums with Various Artists (i.e. more than 1)
+ a note about Genre

3. Four ways to feature content:
a. Mixes
b. Blogs
c. Collections
d. Reviews

4. Submitting Content: Guidelines and Site Policies
a. Audio Guidelines
b. Image Guidelines and dimensions
c. Text Guidelines (i.e. Artist bios, Album descriptions)

5. User Management
a. The User Hierarchy
b. Creating User Accounts & Inviting rights-holders to approve unlicensed material / manage content

6. FAQs
Q: How do I add a 'More Permissions' contact for further licensing?
Q: What are the dimensions for images?
Q: How do I add tracks to a pre-existing album?
Q: Why can't I publish my album? It says "Album must have publishable tracks"
Q: I've already agreed to the license, but another user is still pending. That user does not need to agree, how can I get rid of their pending response?
Q: Is this safe to upload?
Q: How do I invite an artist to manage their own content?
Q: How do I feature a blog post/mix on my Curator Portal? Right now, it's only on my member profile.
Q: How do I change the Genre for the Album I just uploaded?
Q: How do I replace an mp3 with a new file?

1.) Basic Uploading -- Pick "Upload Audio" from the Participate! menu (http://freemusicarchive.org/contribute/) for the easy mp3 upload workflow.

Before you get started:
* PREFERRED BIT RATE: 256-kbps mp3's. Music must be at least 192-kbps. Talk/interview/radio programming can be lower if necessary.
* Please start with tagged mp3s, because the FMA will parse Artist name, Track title, and Track number from the id3 tags.


Step 1. choose an artist from the dropdown. When in doubt, it's best to list the album title (as opposed to "single tracks" mode), even if you're just uploading one track off of an album, or a live performance -- that will allow for purchase links and album-specific info like "producer," "engineer", and "release date".
* See below for a short-term work-around for compilations.

Step 2. hit "browse your files" to select mp3s to upload. Hold down shift or control to select multiple files.

Once the mp3s finish uploading, the FMA parses info from the id3 tag. After it parses the id3 tag, a black Play button appears to the right. At this point, please double check to make sure that...
...the artist's name is spelled exactly the same way as the artist name you entered on Step 1. The FMA database will treat The Band (with a "the") as an entirely different artist than Band.
...Track Titles aren't redundant with artist name and track #, as those are separate fields.

Step 3. basic Artist info -- This is a place for general about the artist generally (i.e. Bio, links to the artist homepage, etc)
* image(s) = 290x290

Step 4. basic Album info -- This is a place for Album-specific info
* image(s) = 290x290
* be sure to choose a genre (or genres) for your upload so that people will discover it when they're browsing by genre! [Notes about Genre]
* be sure to add a Label (choose from the auto-complete options!)

Step 5. Agree to the license, or choose a different Creative Commons option. Click ok to publish everything to the front-end for all to hear, and then edit more details below.

From there, you'll want to view the album to make sure it looks good on the front-end. There should be an edit pencil in the top right. Hit that to see more advanced album fields, including the option to add purchase link(s). Do the same thing on the artist page, where you might want to add things like a donation link.

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2.) Editing Artists, Albums and Tracks
a.) ARTISTS
Status
: This should be Published when all is said and done
Website: the artist's home page (you can provide more links with various titles on the right-hand side of this page
Wikipedia: link to the artist's Wikipedia page (if one exists) -- this will come in handy later!
Donation URL: see if the artist has a link to donate on their home page. If not, they'll have to fill this in themelves with a paypal address if they're interested in receiving donations via the fma. *should be http:// or https://
Active Years: [wikipedia is a good resource for this]
Genres: these are the default genres for any tracks by the artist from now on, but will not impact the tracks that have already been uploaded. [note about Genres]
Contact Name, Email, and Address - Address should contain City, State, Country, Zip --any format that is compatible with Google Maps.

BIO: a prioritized list of options for how to fill this field:
#1. write your own bio. Just a few sentences is fine, this is just a starting point. Credit yourself and date the entry
#2. fill in w/ info from Wikipedia or other progressively-licensed resources -- credit w/ link & date
#3. Utilize content that your Curator has written about the artist in the past. Be sure to credit the author and provide a URL and date.
*Please see the FMA's policies on text submissions (below)


Related Projects & Associated Labels -- These fields are for Artists/Labels who are not already in the FMA database.
*Artists who are already on the FMA should be entered into the "Releated Artists on the FMA" field. This will create a link to the associated artist's FMA page and vice versa. Labels who are already on the FMA will appear on the Artist's page automatically as long as the artist has at least one album on that label in their FMA discography.

Users -- these are the users who "Own" this artist. Should only be band members. Curators and label-owners who need to edit the artist's info will have the authority to do so without "owning" the artist.

Images -- are worth 1000 words!
* only upload images that you have the right to share, in accordance with the FMA's policies on image uploads (below). Be sure to provide metadata (caption, copyright, source) .
* images can be re-ordered by giving each one a proper sort value

Links
Primary website goes in the upper-left corner. More links with titles can be added in the right-hand column. Be sure to add "http://" as a prefix

Notes -- This is an internal field, only viewable by Editors, Curators, Contributors and Curators. Artists cannot view this field. This is a place to list anything you want to pass on to other FMA Editors or that they want to pass on to you.

Contact Log -- any time you contact an artist or label in regards to the Free Music Archive, please log that interaction. All you need to do is say "sent introductory email re: posting a track from new album", something along those lines, and the contact log will add your username and a timestamp. This will help us avoid redundancy and the potentially confusing situation in which an artist is contacted by several people at once.

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b.) ALBUMS
Title: (WFMU Live Sessions are named "Live at WFMU on 's Show on mm/dd/yyyy" )
Status: should be Published when all tracks are licensed and you're ready for the album to show up on the front-end
Type: Note: live radio sessions are classified as Live Performance, not Radio Program, which is for non-music programming.
Artist: all albums must have an Artist who "owns" the album. Even compilations and split releases. *See below for important details regarding albums with various artists
Released - (aka Air Date for live performances and radio programs)
Recorded, Genre and Length: all of these inherit from Track Details (see below)
Label
: should auto-recognize. You may want to ensure that the label is published and contains up-to-date info by going to Participate! >> Manage: Labels
Engineer and Producer/Host: these fields will auto-suggest from pre-existing entries as you type. Curator: (should automatically inherit your curator. If not, fill it in here).

In the bottom left, there is an Album Description field. Prioritized list of options:
#1. write your own bio. Just a few sentences is fine, this is just a starting point. Credit yourself and date the entry
#2. fill in w/ info from Wikipedia or other progressively-licensed resources -- credit w/ link & date
#3. Utilize content that your Curator has written about the artist in the past. Be sure to credit the author and provide a URL and date.
*Please see the FMA's policies on text submissions (below)

Images -- are worth 1000 words!
* only upload images that you have the right to share, in accordance with the FMA's policies on image uploads (below). Be sure to provide metadata (caption, copyright, source) .
* images can be re-ordered by giving each one a proper sort value

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c.) TRACKS

There are two ways to edit tracks: (1) via the Album Edit mode, select the tracks you wish to edit by clicking on the check box(es) next to their titles and hit "Edit". (2) via Participate! >> Manage: Tracks. The latter provides more flexibility when editing multiple files. For example, you can edit all tracks by an artist by filtering your search by a specific artist name. (This same technique can be applied to Artists and Albums)

Important fields in Track Edit view:

GENERAL

Genre -- these feed the Album's genre
Album -- If you change the Album of a track via Track Edit mode, that'll place it on a new album. ***Best to add to a pre-existing album in the database (select from the auto-suggest options), or to instantiate the new album before adding old tracks to it, otherwise our database gets confused!

USEFUL:
Instrumental -- this is set to "no" as a default...not ideal...but be sure to change it if the files you've uploaded are instrumentals! 
Song Info -- a description that appears on the Track page (html ok)
Date Recorded -- this feeds the Album's Date Recorded
 

ADVANCED:
Composer, Lyricist, Copyright, Phonoright, Publisher

Explicit -- Radio-Safe means FCC-friendly. Radio Un-safe means FCC-unfriendly or only play after 10pm. Adults-only refers to extremely violent/pornographic material that should not be made available to users under 18 (fortunately we don't have anything like that uploaded so far!). If you are uploading radio-unsafe content, please provide a description to help DJ's who may wish to edit the song or air it late at night. 

ADMIN ONLY:
Curator -- make sure the tracks you've uploaded are associated with your curator! They should automatically be.
Users -- these are the users who "Own" this artist. Should only be band members. Curators and label-owners who need to edit the artist's info will have the authority to do so without "owning" the artist.


[note about Genre]
Instrumental -- this is set to "no" as a default...not ideal...but be sure to change it if the files you've uploaded are instrumentals!
Curator -- make sure the tracks you've uploaded are associated with your curator! They should automatically be.
Users -- these are the users who "Own" this artist. Should only be band members. Curators and label-owners who need to edit the artist's info will have the authority to do so without "owning" the artist.
Explicit -- Radio-Safe means FCC-friendly. Radio Un-safe means FCC-unfriendly or only play after 10pm. Adults-only refers to extremely violent/pornographic material that should not be made available to users under 18 (fortunately we don't have anything like that uploaded so far!). If you are uploading radio-unsafe content, please provide a description to help DJ's who may wish to edit the song or air it late at night.

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d.) COMPILATIONS

Any album can be a compilation (i.e. contain tracks from multiple artists), but every album needs an album Owner. So, in Step 1 of the Upload Audio workflow, you'll need to choose an album owner. This could be one of the artists, or it could be the name of your curator, or the name of the person who compiled the compilation. DO NOT choose "Various Artists" because that is already an artist in our database. Instead, choose a name like "Various Artists [Record Label]"

In Step 2 of the workflow, each track has 3 columns: Artist - track# - Album. Wait for the tracks to upload and for (once the progress bar reaches 100% and a play button appears on the left). If it doesn't automatically recognize the correct artist name from the id3 tag, you should rename it now.

When viewing a compilation on an Artist's page (as part of their discography), it will only show the tracks that the artist has contributed to the compilation, and indicate that there may be other tracks on the compilation which can be accessed via the Album page. Albums that have more than one artist will include Artist name before each track.

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e.) A NOTE ABOUT GENRE -- choosing genres from the Genre Tree

THE GENRE TREE:
To keep things organized and to make it possible for people to browse by genre, we're growing an FMA Genre Tree of "approved" genres, with top-level genres and sub-genres. There should be a link to the Genre Tree from every spot on the site where you are able to enter a genre, but just to be sure, here it is: http://freemusicarchive.org/genretree.

Official genres will show up as auto-complete options as you type, so try to choose from these options. It's best to rely on the auto-complete options, because our database treats "Hip Hop" as an entirely different genre from "Hip-Hop". Unofficial genres have to be approved by editors before they are visible on the front-end. If you feel strongly that a new genre should be created, or have suggestions for how to make the Genre Tree more useful, please share them with idea @ freemusicarchive.org

HOW/WHERE TO CHOOSE GENRE
choose a genre from the Tree on Step 4 of the upload workflow. If you want to get more in-depth and give each track its own genre, or change after the fact for Metal Rouge, go to the Edit Album page and select the tracks you want to edit. Click "Edit Tracks Individually" in the bottom-left. You can listen to the track on the File Info panel, and give it a genre on the Basic Info panel. You can navigate from track to track using the Previous / Next buttons, then hit Save All Edits when you're done.

Multiple genres are possible, but you must hit "add" if you are adding more than one genre (up to three).

*Editing an Artist's genre (via Artist Edit page) will only impact future uploads, and will not affect tracks that have already been uploaded. These must be edited from the Manage Tracks or Edit Album page. [video]

WHICH GENRE SHOULD I CHOOSE?
It should be the predominant sound of the music, not a subtle influence. Like if you're describing beer, people might say it has hints of raspberry. But somebody shopping the grocery store for raspberries is going to be very upset if they get beer instead. Likewise, if an FMA visitor is looking for Blues music, and they browse the FMA for blues, but instead get a sort of bluesy punk rock band, they are going to be upset and won't trust us! Please choose your genre from the perspective of somebody browsing the website.


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3.) Four Ways to Feature Content (Mixes, Blogs, Collections and Reviews)

a. Mixes

LEFT-HAND PANEL: "Source Tracks", is your well of material. You can choose between your History (recently listened to tracks), Favorites (tracks that you have starred), and older mixes that you have made, or search for tracks to add.

RIGHT-HAND PANEL: "Your Mix". Give it a title, and a description in the Mix Notes field (bottom left).

CURATORS-ONLY: To create a Mix that will be featured on BOTH your user-profile and your Curator Portal, go to your Curator's Portal and hit Create a Mix. Then check the "Featured" box if you would like to feature this mix on your Curator Portal.

TO EDIT YOUR PREVIOUSLY CREATED MIXES:
find your mix on the front-end. Click View-All Mixes, and you can edit them from there.

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b. Blog Posts

option A: Go to Participate! >> Blog to write a blog post and feature it ON YOUR USER PROFILE ONLY. Click the "blog" icon in the top-left to create a new post.

option B: Go to your CURATOR PORTAL and hit the Blog button in the top-right to create a blog post that will be featured on BOTH your User Profile and your Curator Portal.

To attach a song to a blog post, start typing its title into the "Attach a Song" field and it will auto-suggest. Hit "add" to add another song.

To embed a mix in a blog post, just edit the HTML of your blog post, and add the embed code from the mix page. It is recommended that you use html tables to make it look pretty (ask Jason for formatting help if you need!)

Images are essential for any featured blog post. The image uploader crops to 420 x 280, and feel free to use the Image/Caption field if you think it looks good that way. But you can also put an image by editing the html and IMG SRC'ing to an image hosted offsite.

To manage your blog posts (i.e. unpublish them, or associate posts with your curator that were previously only associated with a user), go to Participate! >> Manage Blog.

Blog posts will be featured on the FMA Home Page according to the following posting schedule. When your spot in the rotation comes up, an FMA Admin will feature your most recent blog post unless you specify a different post, or ask for a fill-in. We can feature posts outside of the regular schedule too, but this rotation will help ensure that each featured Curator has a decent amount of time on the home page.

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c. Collections

Collections are a great way to group related albums. To make one, go to your Curator Profile, and you'll see a "Create a Collection" logo. In the right-panel, search for albums (searches artist name and album title). Then simply drag the albums to the right-hand panel and order them however you'd like. Write a description in the "Collection Notes" field. To feature this collection on your Curator homepage, hit "Featured".

*note: Collections are currently composed of Albums (as opposed to Mixes, which are composed of Tracks). We are considering allowing for toggling between a colleciton of songs vs. a collection of tracks. Let me (jason at freemusicarchive.org) know if that would be helpful to you as a Curator!

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d. Reviews
Reviews are like a high-profile comment on an album, which can only be written Editors, Contributors, Curators and Admins. They are managed the same way as blogs.

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4.) Uploading audio, text, and images

As a Curator, you may upload and contribute Content, including audio and/or video files, artist/album/track descriptions, images, and blog entries. All Content on the Free Music Archive must be legally accessible / downloadable by Site visitors for free. This is essential to the site's mission. You are responsible for verifying that the content you submit is legal and does not infringe the rights of any party, in accordance to the site's Terms of Use and Upload Policy.

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a. AUDIO GUIDELINES
Some big red flags to watch out for:
* Mashups
* Remixes
* Cover songs
* Music that is incorporated into non-music radio programming
These types of audio works CANNOT be licensed under Creative Commons unless you can verify that all of the source material (including recordings and compositions) are licensed under Creative Commons.

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b. IMAGE GUIDELINES
*The FMA provides 3 metadata fields to help preserve information about images: (1) Caption, (2) Copyright, (3) Source URL
*only upload images that you have taken yourself, or that you have the right to post and does not infringe the rights of any party
Some possible resources:
#1: see if your organization has ever posted photos of the artist on your website
#2: search for a Creative Commons image on Flickr using Advanced Search
#3: use an image that the artist and/or their record label has provided specifically for promotional use. Be sure to provide copyright info

Dimensions for images (w x h):
Curator Logo: 290 x 169
Curator Top (2): 476 x 269
Label Logo: 290 x 169
Artist: 290 x 290
Album: 290 x 290
Song: 290 x 290
Blog: 420 x 280
Mix / Collection: 290 x 220
Profile: 145 x 145

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c. TEXT GUIDELINES

You must only submit written content that you have authored yourself, or that you have the right to post (i.e. GNU licensed content from Wikipedia). Please provide attribution (name, source URL, date, and any applicable copyright info) for content sourced from other websites. Content that you or your curator have already written about the Artist or Album/Live Session/Radio Program can be a great resource.

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5.) User Management

a. USER HIERARCHY

Visitor - Any visitor can download/stream music without logging in

Member - all registered users have a user profile, which allows them to
* leave comments
* become a fan of and/or favorites content they find on the FMA
* befriend other users
* create mixes
* write blog posts

Artist -- appointed by a curator
* can serve as admin for one or more of their Artists. They can upload audio to these artists, and manage their content (Artist, Album and Track pages). Can only upload audio that they created and have rights to upload
* can serve as admin for one or more labels. They can upload audio for artists on their label, manage their Artists' content, and manage Label profile. Can only upload audio that they released and have rights to upload

Editor - appointed by a Curator
within their curator portal, editors can
* edit written content and images
* add, delete or modify written reviews
* access and sort flagged comments

Contributor
an editor with permission to upload audio to the curator's portal. Appointed by a Curator, these users upload audio that they may not have created themselves but have rights to upload

Curator - admin for a Curator
* manage user permissions within their portal
* manage Curator Portal, including featured items (Collections, Blog Posts, Song of the Day, Mixes)

Admin - site admin
* oversees changes to genre tree
* manages featured content on Home Page and Top-Nav

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b.) Inviting/Managing Users

Inviting Rights-holders to Approve Unlicensed Recordings

Step 1: Tell the artist to Sign Up, and email artists@freemusicarchive.org, letting us know their username (but they can keep their pw to themselves) and which curator sent 'em.

Step 2: Someone from artists@ will go to Participate!: Manage Users. Find the artist's username created in Step 1, and change the new user's role to Artist. Add your curator in the Curator field, and add their artist(s) in the Artist field.

Step 3: Upload the song or album that you want the artist to approve (uploading with your Curator account ensures that the submission will be added to your curated-portal). On Step 4, say "no". Go to Participate: Manage Albums and find the album you have just uploaded. Click "edit". Copy the URL to your clipboard and prepare to paste it in the email you are about to send

Step 4: Input that URL into the following email template, along with the artist's login/pw, and email it to the artist (sample text below)

Ok your account has been activated, and here is the link:

http://freemusicarchive.org/manage/albums/edit/ <-------------

please approve them by hitting the "License & Publish" button.

From there, you can edit your artist profile and upload more audio via the "Participate" menu.


Step 5: When the tracks are approved, you'll see them appear in the Recently Added rss feed.

SAMPLE INVITE TEXT THAT WFMU USES AND YOU CAN FEEL FREE TO BORROW FROM

1. General info about the FMA and why it's a fun place to share audio
2. Creative Commons info
3. Artist management info (if have signed up, been approved as an Artist, and now plan to manage their own accounts)

1.) General info about the FMA and why it's a fun place to share audio
...We recently launched a social music website called the Free Music Archive, built around a curated mp3 library picked by WFMU, KEXP, dublab, and other well respected audio curators. Press and more info's at the bottom of this email.

If it's cool with you, I'd love to post _____(i.e. the free tracks you're already sharing, or pick some tracks)_________ We'd create album pages for each album, w/ links to buy the full thing from your store. Those look like this: http://freemusicarchive.org/music/Double_Helix/Future_Proof/

Then we could do a home page blog post to spread the word.

Looking forward to hearing back. If you wanna sign up at freemusicarchive.org, lemme know your login and I'll give you admin/upload permissions


ABOUT WFMU
WFMU broadcasts at 91.1-FM to the NY/NJ metropolitan area. As one of the most aggressive adapters of web-based radio and social technologies, the station is world-renowned not only for its freeform music programming, but also for its extensive online presence at wfmu.org, including a popular music blog.

ABOUT THE FREE MUSIC ARCHIVE: http://freemusicarchive.org/about

PRESS
http://endhits.portlandmercury.com/endhits/archives/2009/04/16/the-free-music-archive-is-incredibly-awesome
http://news.cnet.com/8301-13526_3-10220659-27.html
http://www.paidcontent.org/entry/419-wfmu-launches-free-music-online-archive-for-indie-tracks/
http://pitchfork.com/news/35082-wfmu-launches-the-free-music-archive/
http://www.thedailyswarm.com/headlines/wfmus-incredible-free-music-archive-goes-online/


2.) CREATIVE COMMONS INFO
The Free Music Archive offers Creative Commons agreements, which tell people exactly how they can and cannot use your music. The most restrictive is the "Music Sharing" license Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives, which says that people can download and share non-commercially as long as they attribute you, but they can't modify your music. For more licensing options, check out http://creativecommons.org/license


3.) Artist management info (if have signed up, been approved as an Artist, and now plan to manage their own accounts)
So the login you created is a Member login. And this is a bit different from myspace where you need different logins for artists than for your personal profile, but it's similar to lastfm and Facebook, where multiple users can "own" the same artist page.

You now have permission to upload and manage content for the artist(s)_______. You might need to log out and then log back in for these changes to take effect.

Then, To upload audio: Participate dropdown menu --> Upload Audio. Make sure it's music that you have permission to share, sounds like original Notherground releases are probably ok, but mixtapes might get us in trouble (you probably know better than I do).

After you've uploaded music, you can provide more details at any time about your Artists, Albums, Tracks and Label by picking the corresponding "manage" option from the Participate dropdown menu. You can also edit pages while browsing the site -- an "edit" pencil will appear in the top-right of pages that you own.

Lots more info and FAQ's here: http://freemusicarchive.org/artist_guidelines

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FAQs

Q: How do I add a 'More Permissions' contact for further licensing?
A: on the Manage Artist page, under the Your Public Info section, choose "Yes" for "Allow Email" and be sure to fill out the Contact Email field

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Q: What are the dimensions for images?
Curator Logo: 290 x 169
Curator Top: 476 x 269
Artist: 290 x 290 (was 220)
Album: 290 x 290
Song: 290 x 290
Mix / Collection: 290 x 220
Profile: 145 x 145


Q: How do I add tracks to a pre-existing album?

1. Sign in, go to the Album page (freemusicarchive.org/music//) and hit the Edit Pencil. Another way to get here is to enter a pre-existing Artist / Album title combo on Step 1 of the regular Upload process, or by going to Participate (dropdown menu) --> Manage Albums --> Edit.
2. Scroll down to the Album Tracks section and hit Browse Your Files to upload your new mp3(s).
3. Once a black Play button appears next to the track, verify that the ID3 tag for Artist and Track Title have been properly parsed.
4. TO ADD GENRES / METADATA: hit the Check Box next to your new tracks, and then Edit Selected to enter Edit Tracks mode.
5. TO PUBLISH: hit the Check Box next to your new tracks, and then the License button to choose your license for these tracks and publish them, and voilà -- they are live!

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Q: Why can't I publish my album? It says "Album must have publishable tracks"
A: The tracks are not published. If you see "unlicensed" or a license with a red background, the tracks are unpublished because they have not been licensed. If you have agreed to the license but a different user is still pending, then the track cannot be published until both users agree.

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Q: I've already agreed to the license, but another user is still pending agreement, so the track cannot be published. That user does not need to agree, how can I get rid of their pending response?
A: contact an FMA Admin (like jason_at_freemusicarchive.org) and we'll manually override

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Q: Is this (some example song) safe to upload?
A: Please see guidelines here

Q: How do I invite an artist to manage their own content?
A: See directions here

Q: How do I feature a blog post/mix on my Curator Portal? Right now, it's only on my member profile.
A: Participate! dropdown menu --> Manage Blog, find the post and hit "edit", fill in the curator field, and update.

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Q: How do I change the Genre for the Track/Album I just uploaded?
A: Albums don't actually have a genre of their own, but their tracks do. So to change genre for an album, you'll need to change the genre of its tracks. You can do this from the Edit Album page, like in this video:

http://screencast.com/t/YmNmMDdiNWM
...I hit Cancel at the end of the video though, rather than actually choosing a genre, but hopefully it's clear that you just pick one or more genres from the dropdown menu. Pick up to three.

If each track should have a different genre, hit the button in the bottom-left of the Edit Track window to edit each track individually.

>> more about genre >>


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Q: How do I replace an mp3 with a new file (i.e. to fix a corrupt file or replace with a higher bitrate)?
A:
1. edit the album
2. select the tracks you want to edit
3. check the box in the bottom-left corner to edit them individually
4. one track at a time go to File Info, Delete This Track, then Browse Your Files for the replacement


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